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Vízcseppek a sivatagban

Vízfogyasztás

 

Összefoglalás

A Budapesti Történeti Múzeum Vármúzeuma első installációja a vízhasználati szokásokkal foglalkozik. Az állomás két részből áll, melyek különböző helyen vannak a múzeum első emeletén. Az egyik rész az illemhelyekben került elhelyezésre: vízmérőket építettünk be, melyeken megfigyelheti a látogató, hogy egy vízöblítéssel vagy kézmosással mennyi vizet használ. Ezt a kérdést fel is tesszük neki, majd elirányítjuk az állomás másik részéhez, a Budapest – fény és árnyék: a főváros 1000 éves története című állandó kiállítás Fürdőkultúra elnevezésű tematikus egységébe. Itt a tiszta ivóvízhez történő hozzáférés különbözőségéről igyekszünk képet adni és a látogatókat elgondolkodtatni. Amennyiben fontos nekünk a Föld jövője, megfogadjuk a víztakarékossági javaslatok ránk eső részét.

Részletek

  • A látogató megnézheti, hogy mennyi vizet használ egy kézmosáshoz vagy WC-lehúzáshoz. Ezek az illemhelyek ugyanazon szinten vannak, mint ahol a kiállítás, amelyben az állomás másik része is el van helyezve.
  • A látogatót egy útvonalat tartalmazó kiragasztott térképpel igyekszünk segíteni abban, hogy meg is találja a második részt ha már felhívtuk rá a figyelmét.
  • Az installáció strandkabin formát idéző vitrinekkel szemben, fürdési szokásokat bemutató plakátok mellett került elhelyezésre.
  • Az állomás részét képezi egy átlátszó plexi asztal, melyben papírgolyócskák jelképezik a vízcseppeket. A látogatók ezeket a „vízcseppeket” 5 különböző méretű bádogvödörbe töltögethetik. A bádogvödrök a tiszta vízhez való eltérő hozzáférést hivatottak jelképezni, hiszen egy észak-amerikai fogyasztó jóval könnyebben és nagyobb mennyiségben fér naponta tiszta vízhez, mint egy dél-afrikai.
  • Az asztal mellett egy lefordított, párnával letakart vödörre ülhetünk, s kirakott cikkeket olvashatunk a témában.
  • Az állomás a török fürdők és a fürdőzés történetét bemutató tematikus egységben van felállítva.
  • Az installáció javaslatokat is tartalmaz arra vonatkozólag, hogy hogyan ne pazaroljuk az ivóvizet.
Museo Mundial_HU_Water_1
Museo Mundial_HU_Water_2
Museo Mundial_HU_Water_3

    Költségvetés + egyéb források

    Költségvetés:

    Anyagköltség

    850 €

    Tervezés

    550 €

    Összesen

    1400 €

    Hogyan készül - lépésről lépésre

    1st Step:

    Choose object and topic

    Water as a topic was an evident subject in the Budapest History Museum since one of the recently renewed permanent exhibitions about the history of Budapest displays the culture of water cures in the sense of the Turkish spas in Budapest. Basically, these units elaborate one topic in one room, but seen over different centuries. This is how the fractions of a Turkish bath tubs and swimsuits from the 20th century can be next to each other in the exhibition. Moreover, there is a poster which declares that ‘so far only the rich people had the opportunity to go to baths, but from now on the public baths are open to everyone’. The availability of clean water in different parts of the world got thereby a place in this exhibition. 

    In addition, we wanted to surprise the visitors by reaching them at a place they would not expect it. This is why we chose the restrooms, where we had planned to install water measuring devices both on the taps and toilet tanks.

    2nd Step:

    Check technical preconditions

    We had to find some sites in the permanent exhibitions where we could place the tools and in this respect, the chosen room was adequate. We wanted to symbolize the waterdrops with little balls, which would fill the buckets. However the balls could not have been made of glass, because they would have been shattered on the marble floor of the exhibition. They could not have been too small either, in order to prevent any accidents like being swallowed by children standing next to the table. The plexiglass was chosen because it seemed to be the most translucent material and thereby symbolizing water. Eventually we decided on paper balls because their size was proper and their prices affordable.

    3rd Step:

    Cost estimates

    To create such an installation, not just graphic designers but also an interior architect or installation designer was needed to plan the operations of the plexiglass table. If there is a colleague available with whom you often work with or perhaps the one who created the exhibition as well that would be the easiest solution. The designing process is not cheap and the prices can be very different. Besides, the cheapest option doesn’t have to be the best.

    Further questions concern the materials and the implementation of the installation. In this case, we could not get hold of a water meter, on what the amount of water consumed can be read easily, so we had to pay attention to the explanatory diagrams to each.

    4th Step:

    Create content

    Determining the content, an initial aim was to bring this issue to the visitors’ notice. This gave the main content of the restrooms. In the spa culture section the most determining issue was to explain why they need to pay attention and how it works in other places and countries. So our goal was to answer these questions the visitors would raise. At this station, according to the feedbacks, it is especially popular that there is also some advice written how the water consumption can be reduced.

    5th Step:

    Last corrections

    When we want to explain more serious contents with shorter texts, it is worth to check and interpret it by outsiders. The effect is greater if we formulate the message simpler but clear.

    6th Step:

    Implementation

    In a museum, it is possible that such an installation with two stations cannot be built in that one day of the week when the museum is closed. It is advised to schedule the implementation process and the placement of the inscriptions in a way that it would not bother or confuse the visitors if by chance a semi-finished item is there for a few days.

    7th Step

    Maintenance

    The installation and its surrounding area should be constantly checked because people like to decorate the walls with inscriptions, writings etc.

    Kiértékelés

    Ups & Downs

    Ups

    • The unexpected place in the museum with a question in the toilet catches the interest of the visitor.
    • Water as a topic matched with the subject of bathing culture.
    • The possibility of touching and playing with the buckets and pearls increases the awareness of the visitors.

    Downs

    • The imagination of the paper balls as water drops is not easy for some visitors.
    • This type of water consumption meter doesn’t show eye-catching results for hand washing.

    Feedbacks from visitors

    • Visitors appreciate the advice for water saving.
    • The little balls as water drops are difficult to interpret for many people.

    Internetes linkek és egyéb források

    UN Water: The United Nations inter-agency mechanism on all freshwater related issues, including sanitation

    www.unwater.org/statistics/en/ (last accessed 2015/08/27)

    UNESCO: World Water Assessment Programme (WWAP)

    www.unesco.org/new/en/natural-sciences/environment/water/wwap/wwdr/ (last accessed 2015/08/27)

    WHO/UNICEF: Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation (JMP)

    www.wssinfo.org/ (last accessed 2015/08/27)

    Budapest Water Summit 2013:

    www.budapestwatersummit.hu/future-and-water/the-source-of-the-life/  (last accessed 2015/08/27)

    The World’s Water: Information on the World’s Freshwater Resources (Pacific Institute)

    www.worldwater.org/ (last accessed 2015/08/27)

    Water Footprint Network:

    www.waterfootprint.org/en/ (last accessed 2015/08/27)

    National Geographic: Sustainable Earth - Water

    www.environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/sustainable-earth/water/ (last accessed 2015/08/27)

    National Geographic: The Hidden Water We Use

    www.environment.nationalgeographic.com/environment/freshwater/embedded-water/ (last accessed 2015/08/27)

    Global Water Partnership: Towards a water secure world

    www.gwp.org/ (last accessed 2015/08/27)

    Global Water Partnership Blog:

    www.globalwaterpartnership.wordpress.com/category/sustainable-development/ (last accessed 2015/08/27)

    SIWI: World Water Week Stockholm 2015

    www.worldwaterweek.org/ (last accessed 2015/08/27)

    COP21 Paris 2015:

    www.cop21.gouv.fr/en (last accessed 2015/08/27)

     This website has been produced with the assistance of the European Union.
    The contents of this publication are the sole responsibility of the Museo Mundial project partners and can in no way be taken to reflect the views of the European Union.

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